Клады Кременчуга и Полтавской области

Treasures of Kremenchuk and Poltava region

In 1984, in Kremenchuk, during earthworks on Pushkin Boulevard, a treasure of silver and gold items weighing 30 kilograms was discovered
About this treasure (trenches for the heating main were then laid along Pushkin Boulevard) spoke not only of the whole of Kremenchuk, but also of the entire Poltava region. What was found in this Kremenchuk treasure? Several silverware sets made in Russia, as well as Japanese silver cups, fragments and whole gold and silver items, as well as gold coins that were classified as collectible. The total weight of the treasure pulled over 30 kg. It was handed over to the state … It is not known what percentage the excavator and excavator workers received from it.
The treasures on the territory of the Poltava region were dug up quite often. Let’s talk about the most significant and interesting finds. In total, it is known about two hundred treasures found in the Poltava region at different times.
In 1928, directly in the village of Stary Orlik, not far from the fairground, during excavation work, a treasure of flint plates (money) of the Eneolithic era was accidentally found. They were deposited in Kyiv at the Historical Museum of Ukraine. It is curious that in the area of ​​the same old Ukrainian village, not far from the so-called abandoned Kabakov farms, during the First World War in 1915, a local resident found a stucco pot with a treasure of bronze “signs of the evil culture” dated by scientists from the 16th-15th century. BC. The find consisted of six Celtic sickles and axes. This find is still kept in the richest Poltava Museum of Local Lore.
The so-called Ivakhnovsky treasure of silver items of the 8-9th century, discovered in the village of Yakhniki (now Lokhvitsky district) in 1905, was deposited in the Moscow Historical Museum.
Also in 1905, in Poltava itself, during the construction of a water supply on Cathedral Square, which turned out to be an ancient settlement of the Romny culture, a treasure of silver jewellery was found (12 rings and 8 bracelets). These items date from the 10-11th centuries. Now they are exhibited in the local history museum of Poltava.
In 1960, an underground passage from the 17th century was discovered in Lubny on Kirov Square and there is a very large treasure in it. It consisted of various silver and gilded items made in Moscow, belts with enamels made in ancient Lvov with gilded plates. The hoard also contained coins of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth of the first half of the 17th century. This treasure is kept in the local history museum in Lubny.
In 1985, a treasure was discovered in the famous Dikanka. It was in a small jug, and it contained 18th-century women’s jewellery made of glass, coral and silver, as well as 10 Polish and Russian silver coins from 1623-1713.
The “young” treasure, hidden during the bloody Civil War in 1920, was found 63 years later in the village of Kovalevka, present-day Shishak region. It contained about forty silver items: candelabra and splendid candlesticks, graceful spoons and magnificent knives made by masters of the late 19th century.
The so-called “Lukishinsky” hoard of coins, found in a pot at a 3-4 century Chernyakhovsk culture settlement in a remote tract called White Spinzharki, was very significant. The treasure was discovered during the Great Patriotic War during the Nazi occupation in 1942 on the left bank of the Vorskla River in the Poltava region near the ancient village of Lukishino. The hoard contained exactly 1 thousand coins from the times of the Roman emperors. 934 of the most valuable coins were subsequently included in the collection of the Poltava Museum of Local Lore. 66 coins either disappeared or fell into the hands of private collectors.
Hoards with Roman coins were discovered in 1911. Then a treasure with 300 coins was discovered near the village of Nekhvoroshchi (present-day Novosanzharsky district). In 1957, a treasure with 38 Roman coins was found in the Pyriatinsky district near the village of Kryachkovtsy, and in 1967 a treasure with 30 coins was dug near the village of Trukhanivtsi, Kotelivsky district. All these finds were transferred to the museums of Poltava and Piryatin.
In the Poltava land, there were treasures not only with coins of Roman emperors. So directly in the most ancient Poltava, a treasure of silver Arab dirhams was discovered – 300 coins, 40 of them were transferred to the regional museum.
A giant treasure of coins in 1938 was found quite an by accident by a Poltava woman resting not far from Kremenchuk on the right bank of the Psel River in the Staroe tract near the small village of Zapselye. In the pot, there were 2164 coins of the states of Central and Western Europe 16-17 century. of silver and billon. According to archaeologists, the treasure was buried sometime in 1650. The Poltava woman who found the treasure handed it over to the museum of the city of Poltava.
Author: Evgeny Miloslavsky
Based on materials: nabat.org.ua

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