Дворянский пансион в Полтаве

Дворянский пансион в Полтаве

The failed project of a noble house in Kremenchug 1809

In February 1809, the local leader of the nobility, Luka Pavlovich Rudenko, addressed the Poltava governor A. Kozachkovsky, who had arrived in Kremenchug, with a formal statement that, “driven by zeal for the common good, and seeing that every sacrifice brought in favor of the fatherland , there is direct evidence of true love for it, “he wants to establish an” institute “at the Kremenchug povetovym school for keeping 12 students from noble children, mainly orphans, for which he is ready to donate a capital of 40,000 rubles and pi to build at his own expense the premises for the cost of the institute up to 10,000 p. Asking the governor to seek permission from his superiors for the implementation of his patriotic intentions, Rudenko presented along with this the “Draft rules of the Institute for noble youth” drawn up by him, consisting of 11 sections. According to the meaning of this project, a new educational institution would be nothing more than a boarding school, whose pupils would go to study at the vocational school. At the head of the institute was placed the trustee, which before his death should be the founder himself, after him his wife, and then the person elected by the nobility of the Kremenchug district. The trustee was entrusted with the general supervision of the institute, and he was obliged to submit an annual report to the governor, to whom Rudenko “entrusted the institute to special patronage.” For the closest institution of the institute appointed a guard, with a salary of 250 rubles. per year, and his assistant, with a salary of 150 p .; both of these persons were elected as trustee and were confirmed in the posts of Kharkov University, which, on the basis of published by the Ministry of Nar. enlightenment in 1803 of the “Rules”, was entrusted with the management of schools Polt. provinces. The warden was supposed to know the economic part of the institute, and his assistant – the training. Both of them had to live at the institute, always be with the pupils and have a common table with them. The annual content of the institute Rudenko determined in 2332 p. 50 kop., What amount he pledged to contribute annually, and after his death the same amount should have been paid by his heirs; in the case of the sale of the estate, the founder or his heirs were required to pay 40,000 rubles to the public charity order to secure the institute for all time.
Governor Kozachkovsky reacted very sympathetically to Rudenk’s intention and, in his report to the Little Russian Governor-General Prince Lobanov-Rostovsky, requested that he be awarded the Order of Anna 2 Art. Rudenko himself, in a letter to the Governor-General, asked to accept his donation favorably and not to leave him with a “gracious opinion.” Prince Lobanov-Rostovsky willingly fulfilled his wish and, informing Interior Minister Prince B. A. Kurakin of the Rudenk project, for his part applied for reward to the generous donor.
But then nothing quite unexpected happened. Rudenko’s wife, Anastasia Andreevna, nee Magdenko, sent a long petition to Prince Kurakin not to let her husband’s project on the establishment of the “Institute for Noble Youth” in Kremenchug. She wrote that her husband inherited an estate burdened with a debt of 95,000 rubles; through vigilant cares and efforts, she and her husband managed to pay off some of this debt for the time being, namely, 65,000 r. “but it still remains to repay a considerable amount, about 30,000 rubles.” Not having become free from this burden, she complained, her husband made up the Regulations on the institute, which happened to me, which destroys all of his condition, and mine. The institute for the upbringing of twelve noble children in Kremenchug, made at the expense of a estate burdened with debts, and, moreover, a sum of forty thousand rubles assigned to the estate, and a building of ten thousand at home, and so the debt amount is seventy-five thousand. ” Meanwhile, one hundred souls that were formerly in the estate of 486 souls of peasants have already been sold, and she, who has worked vigilantly in the ways of correcting her husband’s upset state, will not pay such a large amount from his estate for anything. Therefore, without rejecting the benefits s institutions conceived institute husband, she asked Prince Kurakin “return to review the family of my husband and style rules of this institution to recuperate according to present thoughts and to keep the time of establishment thereof.”

Prince Kurakin did just that. He returned all the correspondence in this case to Prince Lobanov and asked him to consider it again, “for,” he wrote, “the considerations of Rudenko’s wife cannot but deserve respect, and such donations depend solely on goodwill and, moreover, not to be contrary to the laws” . Prince Lobanov asked Rudenk himself what he thinks about this case, and he replied: “by the nasty” Provisions “in this case, to my circumstances, I leave my intention to the most convenient and remove all obstacles to remove the possible time.” So the opening of the Kremenchug Institute, a second orphanage in the Poltava gubernias (the first was “a house for the education of poor noblemen” in Poltava) did not take place.
We must add to this that Anastasia Andreyevna Rudenko was not at all a mean woman and did a lot of good for her peasants. She didn’t sympathize with the husband’s husband only because this venture exceeded his means; but on his family estate, s. Globin, then passed to Magdenkam (from which she recently changed hands), she built in 1837 an excellent stone temple, which is difficult to find in the villages, and put the capital in 4786 r. to repair it. In addition, she left a capital of 33,000 p. so that the interest from it goes on paying taxes for its peasants 1) is a rare phenomenon, if not the only one in Poltava region. She was buried in Globin, in the temple she had built.

(Archive of Polt. Guber. Board, according to inventory number 397)
Literature: “Kievan Antiquity”, vol. LXXXV, 1904, April, p. 3-6 (Documents, news and notes)
Source: histpol.pl.ua

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