March 31, 1889, 130 years ago, the grand opening of the Eiffel Tower. On this day, designer Gustave Eiffel hoisted the French flag on top of the tower.
We present the top ten facts about the most recognizable sights of Paris, known as the symbol of France.
- When the huge tower was solemnly opened in 1889, it was the highest structure of the planet. Already in 1930, this title was intercepted by the Chrysler skyscraper, overtaking the tower by 18 meters. Nevertheless, if we add the length of its 24-meter antenna to the height of the Eiffel Tower, the Chrysler will be left behind. Nowadays, the Eiffel Tower occupies only the fifth place among the high-rise buildings in France.
- The Eiffel Tower is monotonous in appearance, but it is an illusion of perspective. In fact, the building is painted in three different shades. The darkest tone is used at the base of the building, and the lightest – at the top. The tower is covered with 60 tons of paint every seven years to protect against corrosion.
- Famous chef Alain Ducasse has a gourmet restaurant on the second floor of the tower.
- In 1912, the developer of the parachute coat decided to test his invention on the Eiffel Tower. The man jumped off the third construction site and died.
- Before surrendering Paris to the Germans during World War II, the French sabotaged the Eiffel Tower. They disabled the elevator so that enemies could not enjoy the views of the city. But Hitler was not too lazy to climb the tower on foot. The elevators were repaired in 1944, and all ally soldiers were allowed free entry to the top.
- Small copies of the Eiffel Tower are in different parts of the world: in American Las Vegas, Chinese Gaunzhou and Shenzhen, Romanian Slobozia, Copenhagen (Denmark), Varna (Bulgaria), Aktau (Kazakhstan) and other cities.
- Gustav Eiffel engraved on the tower the names of 72 prominent French engineers, scientists and mathematicians of the time.
- In the years 1925-1934, the automobile company Citroën used the four sides of the tower as a billboard. It was the biggest advertisement of those times.
- Despite the height, only one person crashed while mounting the tower.
- Thomas Edison visited the Eiffel Tower and was extremely impressed with it. He wrote in the guest book: “Mr. Eiffel, an engineer, a brave builder of the vast and extraordinary creation of modern engineering, from who admires all engineers, including the Great Engineer of the Lord God. Thomas Edison”.